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Culture is Complex, and we must have strategies.

di Stefano Monti

Culture is Complex, and we must have strategies.

There is no doubt that cultural development requires a strategic approach. Worldwide, urban areas are experiencing a process significantly different from the merely expansive path that public administration and private investors have longly prompted over the XX century. Nowadays, growth is not only an economic concern: it is, indeed, the result of different innovation processes related to various aspect of the democratic and the economic life of our Countries. These processes prompt for a new urban planning philosophy where a team of experts should coordinate different topics. Urban planners should take into account cultural, economic, infrastructural, social, and technological instances. Today, the goal in urban and regional planning is to achieve a better quality of life. Such an objective calls us (public administrations, private investors, and experts) in defining growth patterns able at improving the economic conditions of citizens while improving social liveability, social cohesion, and cultural consciousness. With the rise of Cultural and Creative Industries, the cultural sector acquired a central role within the urban planning activities.

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Gestire cultura

Commercial Districts and Corporate Planning: an international review

di Gianfranco Pozzer

The literature review aims at representing the different applications of the concept of the Trade District by comparing similar experiences on an international level (North-America, Western Europe, South Africa, Japan). The framework of the Trade District, globally, is acknowledged in different ways. Thus, this framework is not directly adopted in all the case histories analyzed by this paper. This is acknowledged in Table 1 where the describer is “commercial and economic development model”. Today, the reflections about the District intend the territory of the District as a sort of protected area. In this perspective, the District becomes a circumscribed area in which transactions are linked through proximity. Considering that the distributive value is influenced by characteristics acting in a context of variable geometry, e. a. proximity and contiguity, it is necessary to re-thing the District in its whole. In such a perspective, indeed, the District represents a planning tool able at interpreting the quality of territorial dynamics (cities and societies) also in relation to the digital component.

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Metropolis

Impact of Urban Regeneration on Housing Satisfaction: A comparative study in Iran and Turkey

di Haniye Razavivand fard e Shilan Gharanfoli

This paper investigates housing satisfaction in regeneration projects and emphasizes on the fundamental attributes which mainly influence inhabitants’ well-being. In this respect, two urban regeneration projects in Tehran, Iran and Ankara, Turkey were selected and a qualitative approach was used to explore dimensions of human-environment connections in these projects. Accordingly, a model consisting of seven variables (housing-related features, accessibility, housing environment characteristics, facilities, safety and security, social ties, appearance of housing environment) was applied. In order to collect the necessary data, in-situ observation and questionnaire, addressing 80 family units in both projects, were conducted. The results of the study indicate that the factors which affect the quality of the life are different in two neighborhoods regarding the distinct socio-cultural and economic background of the residents and the diversified urban qualities. It is found out that residents living in Dikmen Valley to some extent are more satisfied with the quality of their living environment. Among seven attributes of environmental quality, residents are more dissatisfied with facilities, and safety risks in this neighborhood. In Navvab project, the extent of dissatisfaction is higher. They are highly dissatisfied with housing environment characteristics, facilities and the appearance of the housing environment variables. Analysing these two urban regeneration projects reveals that paying few attentions to the social needs of inhabitants, lack of opportunity for creating place attachment, designing spaces that does not convey any sense of congruence with residents’ social and cultural status, designing spaces with poor environmental quality and poor urban physical features decrease neighborhood satisfaction and reduce inhabitants’ involvement in their urban space. It ultimately can result in higher insecurity, higher migration rates and social and physical segregation.

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